egyptian false cobra venom
The false cobra (Malpolon moilensis), or hooded malpolon, is an opisthoglyphous snake found in parts of Africa and the Middle East. The Egyptian cobra ranges across most of North Africa north of the Sahara, across the savannas of West Africa to the south of the Sahara, south to the Congo basin and east to Kenya and Tanzania. The Naja haje, an African species of cobra, is the second largest cobra species on the continent. A week later, the snake will shed its skin. However, they can be easily distinguished from this species following a close examination of their scalation. In times of starvation, the Philippine Cobra is also known to feed on smaller snakes. The Chinese cobra is often confused with the monocled cobra due to their strong similarities in regard to coloration and skin patterns. These areas provide the cobra with a wide array of prey, including small rodents, frogs, lizards, birds, and eggs. Throughout the Transcaspian region, the Caspian cobra is found predominantly in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, as well as the Fergana Valley. Several species of snakes are found in Egypt, both venomous and non-venomous. Don’t assume it is a venomous species, and don’t attack it if it doesn’t pose a threat to your safety. [20], The Egyptian cobra garnered increased attention in Canada in the fall of 2006 when a pet cobra became loose and forced the evacuation of a house in Toronto[21] for more than three hours when it was believed to have sought refuge in the home's walls. It lives in rocky desert areas and is found at altitudes up to 2,500 m from sea level. From the Samar cobra to the Caspian cobra, this article examines the 10 deadliest cobras in the world, and ranks each specimen according to their potential for causing (and inflicting) fatal bites. Bites from a cape cobra are considered medical emergencies that require immediate treatment to avoid death. Venomous Very dangerous bite ref--- Can not spit venom --- ref. Average venom yield is approximately 75 to 125 milligrams, resulting in serious envenomation in nearly all bites. The maximum length attained by the species is around 75 cm. [1][2], Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.alsirhan.com/Animals/malpolon_moilensis.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=False_cobra&oldid=966504477, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 July 2020, at 13:07. Standard treatment involves high-doses of cobra-specific antivenom. The red spitting cobra spits venom in the eyes of the intruder that it believes is a threat to its life. The colour is highly variable, but most specimens are some shade of brown, often with lighter or darker mottling, and often a "tear-drop" mark below the eye. Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute 3001 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008, PO Box 37012 He was evacuated to Egypt for treatment with the anti-venom and made a full recovery.[23]. It is an active forager sometimes entering human habitations, especially when hunting domestic fowl. If the human body is exposed to large enough quantities, the venom can inhibit blood clotting, cause swelling and create quite a bit of discomfort. Apart from their tremendous size, the animal can be easily identified by their large hood, olive-green coloration, as well as their alternating pattern of black and white crossbands (owlcation.com). Standard treatment for Indian cobra bites include multiple rounds of Polyvalent Antivenom. As a result, bites are life-threatening emergencies that require immediate hospitalization. As such, saliva from these snakes is not toxic, but secretions from the Duvernoy's gland are. Fortunately, fatality rates have dropped significantly in recent years due to the prevalence of antivenoms. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 81, 285–360. The Echis pyramidum is another species of the Echis genus that is found only in parts of Northeast Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. BAMBOO FALSE COBRA. In its final stages, the venom suppresses the heart and lungs resulting in respiratory collapse or cardiac arrest. Similar to the Philippine cobra, this species is renowned for its potent venom and ability to “spit.” They can be easily identified by their “O-shaped” hood, along with their unique coloration that ranges from yellow, brown, or grey. Deaths after envenomation in the victim are usually due to complete respiratory failure triggered by the effect of the neurotoxins present in the venom. The Philippine cobra (world's deadliest species of cobra). This is followed by a systematic cleansing of the wound site, along with palliative care, and pain mitigation therapy. The king cobra’s venom is comprised of deadly cytotoxins and neurotoxins that actively attack an individual’s central nervous system, lungs, and heart. If you see a snake in the wild, leave it alone and encourage others to do the same. “The World’s Deadliest Snakes.” Owlcation. From here, the cape cobra feeds primarily on other snakes, rodents, birds, and reptiles (such as lizards). This is aided by an enzyme in the venom known as hyaluronidase, which increases the overall speed (and spread) of the venom into the victim’s bloodstream. The false water cobra does not have an injecting apparatus, as some snakes with fangs at the front of their mouths do. A deadly Caspian cobra in a defensive position. Within Southeast Asia, the monocled cobra can be found in a variety of habitats. Standard treatment involves several rounds of “Purified Naja naja Antivenom” or “Bivalent Antivenom” that is specific for Elapid-based snakes (toxinology.com).

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