decade volcano list
The latest eruptions happened as repeated outbursts during October to December 2010 and killed 353 people as a result of many pyroclastic flows. We’ll just have to stay tuned and see what happens next. This means you're free to copy and share these comics (but not to sell them). Unzen isn’t so much a single volcano as it is a mashup of three large stratovolcanoes and several lava domes, taking up most of the Shimabara Peninsula east of Nagasaki. This is the largest volcano in the whole world concerning surface area and volume. Teide, Canary Islands. Here, “Santa Maria” is the stratovolcano and “Santiaguito” is what people call the lava dome complex near the summit. Last known eruption: 2019. Within striking range of 30,000,000 people around it, including Mexico City, Popocatepetlshould be on the Decade Volcano list. Background: Mount Teide is not only an active volcano – it’s also the highest point in Spain. So far, it has detected only occasional swarms of seismic activity, nothing that looks like an impending eruption. This African volcano has a flattish top like Galeras, in South America. Hazards include debris flows, large eruptions with heavy ash fall, and pyroclastic flows. But thanks to the Decade Volcano program, lessons have been learned that help people survive and manage a volcanic crisis wherever it occurs. These volcanoes are identified by the International Association of Volcanology and the Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI). It has been intensively monitored by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory since 1912. Volcanologists are curious about the eruption history that gave Santorini — also known as Thera — its dramatic appearance. Unfortunately, it ended in a tragedy since an eruption unexpectedly occurred while they were at the summit, resulting in the deaths of six volcanologists and three tourists. Colima. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has produced an educational video entitled “Perilous Beauty – The Hidden Dangers of Mount Rainier.”. Pyroclastic flows, lava, and gas have killed people and caused massive damage during other Vesuvius eruptions, including the last one in the 1940s. The latest one happened in March 2017, wherein 10 people were injured. The Decade Volcanoes program has brought together geologists, volcanologists, and government officials to closely study these volcanoes and create risk-mitigation plans for potential eruptions. The only typical volcanic hazards not shown in this animation are lava, gas, and tsunamis, though these all claimed victims that day, too. But that’s not the only hazard. In choosing what volcanoes can be designated as a Decade Volcano, they listed those that exhibits more than one volcanic hazard, shows recent activity, is located near a populated area, has local support for the project, and is physically and politically accessible for study. This foresight has probably made the current crisis a little easier to manage. The first recorded eruption of the volcano happened in 1700, and since then, Ulawun erupted 22 times. Background: Probably the most popular volcano on the list, Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption during 79 AD that led to the destruction and burying of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Those sulfur-producing fumaroles up there are the only visible sign of current activity. Last known eruption: 1909. Background: The Taal Volcano is located on the Volcano Island near the middle of the Taal Lake, which partially fills Taal Caldera. Galeras. However, these activities were scaled back and delayed by a massive civil service cutback in the country. Besides those terrifying gray death clouds, hazards at Merapi include lahars (an Indonesian word for mud flows) and big landslides. No one is really sure yet what closed down that amazing culture. 2014: Indonesia. The Armero tragedy was a major factor behind both the UN hazard reduction declaration and the Decade Volcano project. After being dormant for several hundred years, Mount Unzen violently erupted again in 1991, killing 43 people (three of whom were volcanologists). Lava and occasional hydrothermal blasts like this are the chief hazards at Etna. More than 300,000 residents live within 25 miles from the volcano, making it the most dangerous volcano in Mexico. It is also one of the most active volcanoes in the whole planet that is in an almost constant state of activity. Much international collaboration focused on Merapi during the Decade Volcano program — it’s one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes and sits in a heavily populated region. Guatemala has lots volcanoes that demand attention. Front Runners List: Click to see list completion progress by climbers that log their climbs using Together with the nearby Mount Nyamuragira, this volcano is responsible for 40% of Africa’s historical volcanic eruptions. Avachinsky looks so solid there. Project achievement: When the lava lake began to rise and threaten refugees from nearby Rwanda in 1994, the seismic, tilt, thermal and EDM monitoring were increased. A shield volcano, Mauno Loa is a Hawaiian term for ‘Long Mountain’ and recently erupted in 1954. Teide is just the highest, and also one of the youngest. Population at risk: 7,300,000 Last known eruption: 1996. Background: Mount Etna is the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy and the tallest active volcano in Europe. But Taal also has been very active down through the centuries, as well as a couple eruptions in the distant past powerful enough to have left calderas — holes in the ground, basically — that eventually filled in with Lake Taal. Every volcano is unique. But many people near Rainier are still in denial. It has frequent eruptions, too. That’s what a VEI 5 eruption looks like close up. Background: The Sakurajima is a volcano formed within the Aira caldera as a result of an eruption some 22,000 years ago. Background: Since 1882, Mount Nyiragongo has erupted at least 34 times. Now, emergency plans based on the Pompeii eruption and another powerful eruption in 1631 are in place and reviewed regularly. Project achievement: Since the eruption at Mount Unzen happened shortly before it was chosen as a Decade Volcano, and it posed some difficulties for the program. Therefore, the volcanoes chosen have to have a broad demographic and geopolitical appeal, to the representative body that has received the funding grant. Later, a Decade Volcano conference in the city of Pasto, Colombia in 1993 ended in disaster when several of the scientists present mounted an impromptu expedition to the Because it can produce massive lahars that could threaten the entire Puyallup River valley and can affect the southern sections of the Seattle metropolitan area. Background: In Papua New Guinea, one of the most active volcanoes is Ulawun, which is also the highest mountain in the Bismarck Archipelago. This eruption was one of the largest volcanic events in history. The people in the video here, for instance, summited Avachinsky one sunny day and also got excellent views of nearby Koryaksky. You might not have heard of this island volcano in the South Pacific, but (along with contributions from an equally obscure Russian fire mountain) Ulawun gave you purple sunsets last year! Population: Almost 25 million. It was designated as one of the Decade Volcanoes because of its history of deadly eruptions and its risk to nearby populated areas. Tsunami-generating landslides into Naples Bay are possible, too. Project achievement: Scientists have estimated recurrence intervals of volcanic activity by using detailed geologic mapping as well as radiocarbon and paleomagnetic dating of more than 180 lava flows.


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